DEPRESSION: Types ,Causes ,Symptoms and Treatment

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WHAT IS DEPRESSION ?

Depression is a mood disorder that involves a persistent feeling of sadness and loss of interest. It is different from the mood fluctuation that people regularly experience as a part of life.

Depression is the main cause of disability worldwide, according to WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION (WHO). It can affect adults, adolescents and childrens.

Depression is a common illness worldwide, with more than 264 million people affected. It is cause the affected person to suffer greatly and function poorly at work, at school and in the family. At it’s to suicide every year. Suicide is the second leading cause of death in 15 – 29 – years – olds.

Although there are known effective treatments for mental disorders, between 76% and 85% of people in low-and-middle-income countries receive no treatment for their disorders. Barriers to effective care include a lack of resources, lack of trained health- care providers and social stigma associated with mental disorders. Another barriers to effective care in accurate assessment. In countries of all income levels, people who are depressed are often not correctly Diagnosed, and others who do not have the disorder are too misdiagnosed and prescribed antidepressants.

SYMPTOMS :

The common symptoms may includes:-
• A depressed mood
• Reduce interest in activities once enjoyed
• A loss of sexual desire
• Change in appetite
• Unintentional weight gain or loss
• Sleeping too much or too little
• Slowed movement and speech
• Fatigue and feelings of worthlessness or guilt
• Difficult thinking, concentrating, or making decisions
• Recurrent thought of death or suicide or attempt of suicide

TYPES OF DEPRESSION :

1. PERSISTENT DEPRESSIVE DISORDER (PDD) – PDD is diagnosed in people who have at least two of the symptoms of major depression for at least two years at a time. It’s possible to fluctuate between severe and less- severe. People with PDD are often perceived as cranky, sullen, changeable, or pessimistic rather than being recognized as having a treatable disorder.
2. BIPOLAR DISORDER – Formaly called manic depressive disease ,is characterized by moods that cycle between extreme high and lows , often with periods of normal mood. Manic episodes involves elevated or irritable mood, over – acting, pressure of speech , inflated self- esteem and a decreased needs for sleep.
3. PREMENSTRUAL DYSPHORIC DISORDER – PMDD is a more serious form of premenstrual syndrome. It is usually develops a week or two before a women’s periods and pass two or three days after menstrual starts.

WHEN TO SEE A DOCTOR ?

It’s important to seek help from a GP if you think you may be depressed. Many people wait a long time before seeking help for depression, but it’s best not to delay. The sooner you see a doctor , the sooner you can be on the way to recovery.

WHAT CAUSES DEPRESSION ?

Sometimes there’s triggers for depression life- changing events , such as bereavement, loosing your job or giving birth, can bring it on people with a family history of depression are more likely to experience it themselves. But you can also become depressed for no obvious reason.

TREATING DEPRESSION :

Treatment for depression can involves a combination of lifestyle changes, taking medicines and therapies. Your recommended treatment will be based on whether you have mild , moderate , or severe depression. If you have mild depression , your doctor may suggest waiting too see whether it improves on it’s own, while monitoring your progress. They may also suggest lifestyle measures such as exercise and self – help groups.

Taking therapies such as COGNITIVE BEHAVIOURAL THEREPY (CBT) are often used for mild depression. For moderate to severe depression, a combination of taking therapies and antidepressants is often recommended. If you have severe depression, you may be referred to a specialist mental health team for intensive specialist talking taking treatments and prescribed medicine.

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Shakshi Singh

Saathi News Health Writer Bringing Top Health News

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